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2015mba/mpa/mpacc真题及答案解析(完整版)

联考真题 2016/7/28 16:29:47 来源:MBA加油站

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三、逻辑推理:第26~55小题,每小题2分,共60分。下列每题给出的A、B、C、D、E五个选项中,只有一项是符合试题要求的。请在答题卡上将所选项的字母涂黑。

26.晴朗的夜晚可以看到满天星斗,其中有些是自身发光的恒星,有些是自身不发光,但可以反射附近恒星光的行星,恒星尽管遥远但是有些可以被现有的光学望远镜“看到”。和恒星不同,由于行星本身不发光,而且体积还小于恒星,所以,太阳系的行星大多无法用现有的光学望远镜“看到”。

以下哪项如果为真,最能解释上述现象?

A.如果行星的体积够大,现有的光学望远镜就能“看到”

B.太阳系外的行星因距离遥远,很少能将恒星光反射到地球上

C.现有的光学望远镜只能“看到”自身发光或者反射光的天体

D.有些恒星没有被现有光学望远镜“看到”

E.太阳系内的行星大多可用现有光学望远镜“看到”

27.长期以来,手机生产的电磁辐射是否威胁人体健康一直是极具争议的话题。一项达10年的研究显示,每天使用移动电话通话30分钟以上的人患神经胶质癌的风险比从未使用者要高出40%,由于某专家建议,在取得进一步证据之前,人们应该采取更加安全的措施,如尽量使用固定电话通话或使用短信进行沟通。

以下哪项如果是真,最能表明该专家的建议不切实际?()

A.大多数手机产生电磁辐射强度符合国家规定标准

B.现有在人类生活空间中的电磁辐射强度已经超过手机通话产生的电磁辐射强度

C。经过较长一段时间,人们的体质??逐渐适应强电磁辐射的环境

D。在上述实验期间,有些每天使用移动电话通话超过40分钟,但他们很健康

E。即使以手机短信进行沟通,发送和接收信息瞬间也会产生较强的电磁辐射

28.甲、乙、丙、丁、戊和巳等6人围坐在一张正六边形的小桌前,每边各坐一人。已知:

(1)甲与乙正面相对

(2)丙与丁不相邻,也不正面相对。

如果乙与巳不相邻,则以下哪一项为真?

A.戊与乙相邻

B.甲与丁相邻

C。巳与乙正面相对

D。如果甲与戊相邻,则丁与巳正面相对

E。如果丙与戊不相邻,则丙与巳相邻

29.人类经历了上百万年的自然进化,产生了直觉多层次抽象等独特智能。尽管现代计算机已具备一定的学习能力,但这能力还需要人类指导,完全的自我学习能力还有待进一步发展。因此,计算机要走进???人类的智能说平是不可能的。

以下哪项最可能是上述论证的预设?

A。计算可以行程自然进化能力

B。计算机很难真正懂得人类语言,更不可能理解人类

C。理解人类负责的社会关系需要自我学习能力,就能行程直觉、多层次抽象等智能。

D。计算机如果具备完全的自我

E。直觉多层次抽象学这些人类的独特智能无法通过学习获得

30、为进一步加强对不遵守交通信号等违法行为的执法管理,规范执法程序,确保执法公正,某市交警支队要求:凡属交通信号不一致,有证据证明救助危难等情形,一律不得录入道路交通违法信息系统,对已录入信息系统的违法记录,必须完善异议受理、核查、处理等工作规范,最大限度减少执法争议。

根据上述交警支队要求,可以得出以下哪项?

A有些因救助危难而违法的情形,如果仅有当事人说辞但缺乏当时现场的录音录像证明,就应录入道路交通违法信息系统。

B因信号灯相位设置和配时信理等造成交通信号不一致而引发的交通违法情形,可以不录入道路交通违法信息系统。

C如果汽车使用了行车记录仪,就可以提供现场实时证据,大大减少被录入道路交通违法信息的可能性。

D只要对已录入系统的交通违法记录进行异议受理,核查和处理就能最大限度减少执法争议。

E对已录入系统的交通违法记录,只有倾听群众异议,加强群众监督才能最大限度减少执法争议。

31~32是基于以下题干:某次讨论会共有18名参与者。已知:

(1)至少有5名青年教师是女性;

(2)至少有6名教师年过中年;

(3)至少有2名女青年是教师。

31.根据上述信息,关于参与人员可以得出以下哪项?

A。有些女青年不是教师。

B。有些青年教师不是女性。

C。青年教师至少11名。

D。女教师至少13名

E。女青年至多11名。

32.如果上述三句话有两真一假,那么关于参与人员可以得出以下哪项?

A。女青年都是教师。

B。青年教师都是女性。

C。青年教师至少5名。

D。男教师至多10名。

E。女青年至少有7名。

33.当企业处于蓬勃上升时期,往往紧张而忙碌,没有时间和精力去设计和修建“琼楼玉宇”,当企业所有重要工作都已经完成,其时间和精力就开始集中在修建办公大楼上。所以一个企业的办公大楼设计得越完美,装饰越豪华,则该企业离解体时间就越近。当某个企业大楼设计和建造趋于完美之际,它的存在就逐渐失去意义,这就是所谓的“办公大楼法则”。

以下哪项为真,最质疑上述观点?

A.一个企业如果将时间和精力都耗在修建办公大楼上,则对其他重要工作就投入不足了。

B。某企业办公大楼修建的美轮美奂,入住后该企业的事业蒸蒸日上。

C。建造豪华的办公大楼,往往会增加运营成本,损害其利益。

D。企业的办公大楼越破旧,该企业就越来越有活力和生机。

E。建造豪华办公大楼并不需要投入太多时间和精力。

34.张云、李华、王涛都收到了明年2月初赴北京开会的通知,他们可以选择乘坐飞机、高铁与大巴等交通工具到北京,他们对这次进京方式有如下考虑:

(1)张云不喜欢坐飞机,如果有李华同行,他就选择乘坐大巴。

(2)李华不计较方式,如果高铁要比飞机更便宜,他就选择高铁。

(3)王涛不在乎价格,除非预报二月初北京有雨雪天气,否则选择乘坐飞机。

李华和王涛家相隔很近,如果航班时间合适,他们将同行乘坐飞机。

如果上述3人愿望得到满足,则可以得出以下哪项?

A。如果李华没有选择乘坐高铁和飞机,则他肯定选择和张云一起乘坐大巴进京。

B。如果王涛和李华乘坐飞机进京,则二月初北京没有雨雪天气。

C。如果张云和王涛乘坐高铁,则二月初有雨雪天气。

D。如果三人都乘坐飞机,则飞机要比高铁便宜。

E。如果三人都乘坐大巴进京,则预报二月初北京有雨雪天气。

35.某市推出一项月度社会公益活动,市民报名踊跃。由于活动规模有限,主办方决定通过摇号抽签方式选择参与者,第一个月中签率为1:20,随后连创新低,到下半年的十月份已达1:70,大多数市民屡摇不中,但从今年7月到10月,“李祥”这个名字连续四个月中签,不少市民据此认为有人作弊,并对主办方提出质疑。

以下哪项如果为真,最能消除市民质疑的是()

A。已经中签的申请者中,叫“张磊”的有7人

B。曾有一段时间,家长[微博]给孩子取名不同避免重名

C。在报名市民中,名叫“李祥”的近300人

D。摇号抽签全过程是在有关部门监督下进行的

E。在摇号系统中,每一位申请人都被随机赋予了一个不重复的编码

36.美国扁桃仁于上世纪70年代出口到我国,当时被误译为“美国大杏仁”。这种误译大多数消费者根本不知道扁桃仁、杏仁是两种完全不同的产品。对此,我国林业专家一再努力澄清,但学界的声音很难传达到相关企业和民众中,因此,必须制定林果的统一标准,这样才能还相关产品以本来面目。

以下哪项是上述论证的假设?

A。美国扁桃仁和中国大杏仁的外形很相似。

B。我国相关工业和大众并不认可我国林果专家意见。

C。进口商品名称的误译会扰乱我国企业正常对外贸易。

D。长期以来,我国没有林果的统一标准。

E。美国“大杏仁”在中国市场上销量超过中国杏仁。

37.10月6日晚上,张强要么去电影院看电影,要么去拜访朋友秦玲。如果那天晚上张强开车回家,他就没去电影院看电影,只有张强事先与秦玲约定,张强才能拜访她,事实上,张强不可能事先约定。

根据上述陈述,可以得出结论:

A。那天晚上张强没有开车回家。

B。张强那天晚上拜访了朋友。

C。张强晚上没有去电影院看电影。

D。那天晚上张强与秦玲一起看电影了。

E。那天晚上张强开车去电影院看电影。

38-39题于以下题干

天南大学准备派两名研究生、三名本科生到山村小学支教。经过个人报名和民主决议,最终人选将在研究生赵婷、唐玲和殷倩等3人和本科生周艳、李环、文琴、徐昂、朱敏等5人中产生。按规定同一学院或者同一社团至多选派一人。已知(1)唐玲和朱敏均来自数学学院(2)周艳和徐昂均来自文学院(3)李环和朱敏均来自辩论协会

38、根据上述条件,以下必定入选的是:

A.文琴

B.唐玲

C.段倩

D。周艳

E。赵婷

39、如果唐玲入选,下面必定入选的是:

A.赵婷

B.殷倩

C.周艳

D。李环

E。徐昂

40.有些阔叶树是常绿植物,因此阔叶树都不生长在寒带地区。

以下哪项如果为真,最能反驳上述结论?()

A.有些阔叶树不生长在寒带地区

B.常绿植物都生长在寒带地区

C。寒带某些地区不生长常绿植物

D。常绿植物都不生长在寒带地区

E。常绿植物不都是阔叶树

41-42、某大学运动会即将召开,经管院拟组建一支12人的代表队参赛,参赛队员将从该院4个年级学生中选拔,每个年级须在长跑、短跑、跳高、跳远、铅球等5个项目中选1-2项比赛,其余项目可任意选择,一个年级如果选择长跑,就不能选短跑或跳高,一个年级如果选跳远,就不能选长跑或铅球,每名队员只参加一项比赛,已知该院:(1)每个年级均有队员被选拔进入代表队;(2)每个年级被选拔进入代表队的人数各不相同;(3)有两个年级的队员人数相乘等于另一个年级的队员人数。

41、根据以上信息一个年级最多可选拔

A.8人

B.7人

C.6人

D.5人

E.4人

42、如果某年级队员人数不是最少的,且选择长跑,那么对该年级来说,以下哪项不可能?

A.选择铅球或跳远

B.选择短跑或铅球

C.选择短跑或跳远

D.选择长跑或跳高

E.选择铅球或跳高

43.为防御电脑受病毒侵袭,研究人员开发了防御病毒、查杀病毒的程序,前者启动后能使程序运行免受病毒侵袭,后者启动后能迅速查杀电脑中可能存在的病毒。某台电脑上现出甲、乙、丙三种程序。已知:(1)甲程序能查杀目前已知所有病毒;(2)若乙程序不能防御已知的一号病毒,则丙程序也不能查杀该病毒。(3)只有丙程序能防御已知一号病毒,电脑才能查杀目前已知的所有病毒;(4)只有启动甲程序,才能启动丙程序。

根据上述信息可以得出以下哪项:

A.只有启动丙程序,才能防御并查杀一号病毒。

B.只有启动乙程序,才能防御并查杀一号病毒。

C。如果启动丙程序,就能防御并查杀一号病毒。

D。如果启动了乙程序,那么不必启动丙程序也能查杀一号病毒。

E。如果启动了甲程序,那么不必启动乙程序也能查杀所有病毒。

44.研究人员将角膜感觉神经断裂的兔子分为两组,实验组和对照组。他们给实验组兔子注射了一种从土壤霉菌中提取的化合物。3周后检查发现,实验组兔子的角膜感觉神经已经复合,而对照组兔子未注射这种化合物,其角膜感觉神经都没有复合。研究人员由此得出结论:该化合物可以使兔子断裂的角膜感觉神经复合。

以下哪项与上述研究人员得出的结论的方式最为类似?

A.一个整数或者是偶数,或者是奇数

B.绿色植物在光照充足的环境下能茁壮成长,而在光照不足的环境下只能缓慢生长,所以,光照有助于绿色植物生长

C。年逾花甲的老王戴上老花镜可以读书看报,不戴则视力模糊,所以年龄大的人都要戴老花镜

D。科学家在北极冰川地区的黄雪中发现了细菌,而该地区的寒冷气候与木卫的冰冷环境有着惊人的相似,所以木卫可能存在生命

E。昆虫都有三对足,蜘蛛并非三对足,所以蜘蛛不是昆虫

45.张教授指出,明清时期科举考试分为四级,即院试、乡试、会试、殿试。院试在县府举行,考中者称“生员”,乡试每三年在各省省城举行一次,生员才有资格参加,考中者为举人,举人第一名称“解元”,会试于乡试后第二年在京城元都举行,举人才有资格参加,考中者称为“贡士”,贡士第一名称“会元”,殿试在会试当年举行,由皇帝主持,贡士才有资格参加,录取分为三甲,一甲三名,二甲三甲各若干名,统称为“进士”,一甲第一名称“状元”。

根据张教授后陈述,以下哪项是不可能的?

A.中举者不曾中进士

B.中状元者曾为生员和举人

C。中会元者不曾中举

D。可有连中三元者(解元、会元、状元)

E。未中解元者,不曾中会元

46.有人认为,任何一个机构都包括不同的职位等级或层级,每个人都隶属于其中一个层次。如果某人在原来级别岗位上干得出色,就会被提拔,而被提拔者得到重用后却碌碌无为,这会造成机构效率低下,人浮于事。以下哪项为真,最能质疑上述观点?

A。个人晋升常常会在一定程序上影响所在机构的发展。

B。不同岗位的工作方式不同,对新的岗位要有一个适应过程。

C。王副教授教学科研都很强,而晋升正教授后却表现平平。

D。李明的体育运动成绩并不理想,但他进入管理层后却干得得心应手。

E。部门经理王先生业绩出众,被提拔为公司总经理后工作依然出色。

47、如果把一杯酒倒入一桶污水中,你得到的是一桶污水;如果把一杯污水倒入一桶酒中,你得到的依然是一桶污水。在任何组织中,都可能存在几个难缠人物。他们存在的目的似乎就是把事情搞糟。如果一个组织不加强内部管理,一个正直能干的人进入某低效的部门就会被吞没。而一个无德无才者就能将一个高效的部门变成一盘散沙。

根据上述信息,可以得出以下哪项?

A如果不将一杯污水倒进一桶酒中,你就不会得到一桶污水

B如果一个正直能干的人进入组织,就会使组织变得更为高效

C如果组织中存在几个难缠人物,很快就会把组织变成一盘散沙

D如果一个正直能干的人在低效部门没有被吞没,则该部门加强了内部管理

E如果一个无德无才的人把组织变成一盘散沙,则该组织没有加强内部管理。

48、自闭症会影响社会交往,语言交流和兴趣爱好等方面的行为。研究人员发现,实验鼠体内神经连接蛋白的蛋白质如果合成过多,会导致自闭症。由此他们认为,自闭症与神经连接蛋白质合成量具有重要关联。

以下哪项如果为真,最能支持上述观点?

A。生活在群体之中的实验鼠较之独处的实验鼠患自闭症的比例要小。

B。雄性实验鼠患自闭症的比例是雌性实验鼠的5倍。

C。抑制神经连接蛋白的蛋白质合成可缓解实验鼠的自闭症状。

D。如果将实验鼠控制蛋白合成的关键基因去除,其体内的神经连接蛋白就会增加。

E。神经连接蛋白正常的老年实验鼠患自闭症的比例很低。

49、张教授指出,生物燃料是指利用生物资源生产的燃料乙醇或生物柴油,它们可以替代由石油制取的汽油和柴油,是可再生能源开发利用的重要方向。受世界石油资源短缺、环保和全球气候变化的影响,20世纪70年代以来,许多国家日益重视生物燃料的发展,并取得显著成效。所以,应该大力开发和利用生物燃料。

以下哪项最可能是张教授论证的预设?

A.发展生物燃料可有效降低人类对石油等化石燃料的消耗。

B.发展生物燃料会减少粮食供应,而当今世界有数以百万计的人食不果腹。

C.生物柴油和燃料乙醇是现代社会能源供给体系的适当补充。

D.生物燃料在生产与运输的过程中需要消耗大量的水、电和石油等。

E.目前我国生物燃料的开发和利用已经取得很大成绩。

50、有关数据显示,2011年全球新增870万结核病患者,同时有140万患者死亡。因为结核病对抗生素有耐药性,所以对结核病的治疗一直都进展缓慢。如果不能再近几年消除结核病,那么还会有数百万人死于结核病。如果要控制这种流行病,就要有安全、廉价的疫苗。目前有12种新疫苗正在测试之中。

根据以上信息,可以得出以下哪项?

A.2011年结核病患者死亡率已达16.1%。

B.有了安全、廉价的疫苗,我们就能控制结核病。

C.如果解决了抗生素的耐药性问题,结核病治疗将会获得突破性进展。

D.只有在近几年消除结核病,才能避免数百万人死于这种疾病。

E.新疫苗一旦应用于临床,将有效控制结核病的传播。

51.一个人如果没有崇高的信仰,就不可能守住道德的底线;而一个人只有不断加强理论学习,才能始终保持崇高的信仰。

根据以上信息,可以得出以下哪项?

A.一个人只有不断加强理论学习,才能守住道德的底线

B.一个人如果不能守住道德的底线,就不可能保持崇高的信仰

C。一个人只要有崇高的信仰,就能守住道德的底线

D。一个人只要不断加强理论学习,就能守住道德底线

E。一个人没能守住道德的底线,是因为他首先丧失了崇高的信仰

52.研究人员安排了一次实验,将100名受试者分为两组:和一小杯红酒的实验组和不喝酒的对照组。随后,让两组受试者计算某段视频中篮球队员相互传球的次数。结果发现,对照组的受试者都计算准确,而实验组中只有18%的人计算准确。经测试实验组受试者的血液中酒精浓度只有酒驾法定值的一半。由此专家指出,这项研究结果或许应该让立法者重新界定酒驾法定值。

以下哪项如果为真,最能支持上述专家的观点?

A.酒驾法定值设置过低,可能会把许多未饮酒者界定为酒驾

B.即使血液中酒精浓度只有酒驾法定值的一半,也会影响视力和反应速度

C。只要血液中究竟浓度不超过酒驾法定值,就可以驾车上路

D。即使酒驾法定值设置较高,也不会将少量饮酒的驾车者排除在酒驾范围之外

E。饮酒过量不仅损害身体健康,而且影响驾车安全

53.某研究人员在2004年对一些12~16岁的学生进行了智商测试,测试得分为77~135分,4年之后再次测试,这些学生的智商得分为87~143。仪器扫描显示,那些得分提高了的学生,其脑部比此前呈现更多的灰质(灰质是一种神经组织,是中枢神经的重要组成部分)。这一测试表明,个体的智商变化确实存在,那些早期在学校表现不突出的学生仍有可能成为佼佼者。

以下除哪项外,都能支持上述实验结论?

A。有些天才少年长大后智力并不出众

B。言语智商的提高伴随着大脑左半球运动皮层灰质的增多

C。学生的非言语智力表现与他们的大脑结构的变化明显相关

D。部分学生早期在学校表现不突出与其智商有关

E。随着年龄的增长,青少年脑部区域的灰质通常也会增加

54-55、某高校数学、物理、化学、管理、文秘、法学等6个专业毕业生要就业,现有风云、怡和、宏宇三家公司前来学校招聘,已知,每家公司只招聘该校2至3个专业若干毕业生,且需要满足以下条件:

(1)招聘化学专业也招聘数学专业;

(2)怡和公司招聘的专业,风云公司也招聘;

(3)只有一家公司招聘文秘专业,且该公司没有招聘物理专业;

(4)如果怡和公司招聘管理专业,那么也招聘文秘专业。

54.如果只有一家公司招聘物理专业,那么可以得出以下哪项?

A。风云公司招聘化学专业。

B。怡和公司招聘管理专业。

C。宏宇公司招聘数学专业。

D。风云公司招聘物理专业。

E。怡和公司招聘物理专业。

55.如果三家公司都招聘了三个专业若干毕业生,那么可以得出以下哪项?

A。风云公司招聘化学专业。

B。怡和公司招聘法学专业。

C。宏宇公司招聘化学专业。

D。风云公司招聘数学专业。

E。怡和公司招聘物理专业。

2015年管理类联考于2014年12月27日举行,MBA加油站第一时间发布真题及答案解析,请考生关注。以下为2015年MBA/MPA/MPAcc管理类联考写作真题与参考答案,供考生参考。

2015年管理类联考写作真题与参考答案

四、写作:第56~57小题,共65分。其中论证有效性分析30分,论说文35分。

56.论证有效性分析:分析下述论证中存在的缺陷和漏洞,选择若干要点,写一篇600字左右的文章,对该论证的有效性进行分析和评论。(论证有效性分析的一般要点是:概念特别是核心概念的界定和使用是否准确并前后一致,有无各种明显的逻辑错误,论证的论据是否成立并支持结论,结论成立的条件是否充分等等。)

有一段时间,我国部分行业出现了生产过剩现象。一些经济学家对此忧心忡忡,建议政府采取措施加以应对,以免造成资源浪费,影响国民经济正常运行。这种建议看似有理,其实未必正确。

首先,我国部分行业出现的生产过剩并不是真正的生产过剩,道理很简单,在市场经济条件下,生产过剩实际上只是一种假象。只要生产企业开拓市场,刺激需求,就能扩大销售,生产过剩就会化解。

其次,经济运行是一个动态变化的过程,产品的供求不可能达到绝对平衡状态,因而生产过剩是市场经济的常见现象,既然如此,那么生产过剩就是经济运行的客观规律,因此如果让政府采取措施进行干预,那就违背了经济运行的客观规律。

再说生产过剩总比生产不足好,如果政府的干预使生产过剩变成了生产不足,问题就会更大,因为生产过剩未必会造成浪费,反而会增加物资储备以应不时之需,而如果生产不足就势必造成供不应求的现象,让人们重新去过缺衣少食的日子,那就会影响社会的和谐稳定。

总之我们应该合理定位政府在经济运行中的作用,政府要有所为,有所不为。政府应管好民生问题,至于生产不足或生产过剩,应该让市场自动调节,政府不必干预。

解析:论证中心政府不应干预生产过剩

参考问题:

1、只要开拓市场,刺激需求、扩大销售——会化解生产过剩;条件关系使用不当。

市场需求仅是生产过剩的一个因素而非充分条件和唯一因素,

2、政府干预违背经济运行客观规律——政府不应干预生产过剩;论据不足。

且不说政府干预是否违背规律,因为经济规律本就需要宏观调控,所以在论据不明朗的情况下,论证有问题

3、生产过剩会增加物资储备,而生产不足是供不应求——支持生产过剩;因果无关。生产过剩不仅导致产品剩余还会导致通货膨胀,生产不足仅是相对的供不应求,还可以用其他的产品替代,两者的比较说明不了任何问题。

4、政府应管好民生问题,市场自动调节——政府不必干预;不当假设。不当假设了市场问题仅由内部解决,不受外部调控。

2015年MBA/MPA/MPAcc管理类联考于2014年12月27日举行,根据考生微博反馈的消息,今年管理类联考写作题目已经新鲜出炉:《富和仁》。

范文:“为富”未必“不仁”

一提起发家致富,人们会想起“为富不仁”这句话来,旧中国,官僚、地主资本家巧取豪夺,“为富不仁”对他们来说,是千真万确的。今天,也确有一些人,利用手中的权力或其它便利条件,钻空子,捞外快,中饱私囊。这些家伙都有一副损人利己的歹毒心肠。但“为富”者是不是都“不仁”呢?我认为,“为富”与“不仁”没有必然的因果关系。

当今致富的途径,不外乎两条:一条是靠自己的诚实劳动和卓越的才干,为社会,为国家作出了贡献,获得丰厚的报酬;另一条是以非法行为大发昧心财。前一条致富道路是国家政策许可和提倡的,扣不上“为富不仁”的帽子,因为他们取财方式合法又合理,何“不仁”之有?我国越来越多的专业户,企业家,发明家——他们靠正当收入改善了生活,由穷变富了,能说他们“为富不仁”吗?

“富”与“仁”并不是对立的。人类所向往的最高境界——共产主义社会,按马克思的说法,就是“富”和“仁”的最完善的统一。我国古代的司马迁也说过:“君子富,好行其德。”为国为民疏财济困,在封建社会也提倡,现在更不乏其人。大书法家舒同一纸千金,他用义卖所得,捐资200万元给华东师大建教学楼;香港张明敏把义演所得巨款捐给了北京亚运会。这样的人多得举不胜举,如果将“为富不仁”的帽子扣在他们头上,岂不冤枉!

时下,“好行其德”的“君子”富户越来越多。但“为富不仁”者也绵绵不绝,这使许多在正常轨道上想富的人疑虑重重,担心自己也会被人们看成“为富不仁”的“过街老鼠”。这倒大可不必。我们反对的只是不仁不义的生财之道,凡是按党的富民政策走上富裕道路的,我们不但不反对,还应拍手叫好。英语SectionⅠUse of English

Directions:Read the following text.Choose the best word(s)for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.(10 points)

Directions:Read the following text。Choose the best word(s)for each numbered blank and markA,B,C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.(10 points)

In our contemporary culture,the prospect of communicating with--or even looking at--a stranger is virtually unbearable.Everyone around us seems to agree by the way they fiddle with their phones,even without a 1 underground.

It's a sad reality--our desire to avoid interacting with other human beings--because there's 2 to be gained from talking to the stranger standing by you.But you wouldn't know it,3 into your phone.This universal armor sends the 4:"Please don't approach me."

What is it that makes us feel we need to hide 5 our screens?

One answer is fear,according to Jon Wortmann,executive mental coach.We fear rejection,or that our innocent social advances will be 6 as"creepy,".We fear we'll be 7.We fear we'll be disruptive.Strangers are inherently 8 to us,so we are more likely to feel 9 when communicating with them compared with our friends and acquaintances.To avoid this anxiety,we 10 to our phones."Phones become our security blanket,"Wortmann says."They are our happy glasses that protect us from what we perceive is going to be more 11."

But once we rip off the bandaid,tuck our smartphones in our pockets and look up,it doesn't 12 so bad.In one 2011 experiment,behavioral scientists Nicholas Epley and Juliana Schroeder asked commuters to do the unthinkable:Start a13.The duo had Chicago train commuters talk to their fellow 14."When Dr.Epley and Ms.Schroeder asked other people in the same train station to 15 how they would feel after talking to a stranger,the commuters thought their 16 would be more pleasant if they sat on their own,"the New York Times summarizes.Though the participants didn't expect a positive experience,after they 17 with the experiment,"not a single person reported having been snubbed."

18,these commutes were reportedly more enjoyable compared with those sans communication,which makes absolute sense,19 human beings thrive off of social connections.It's that 20:Talking to strangers can make you feel connected.

1.[A]ticket<B>permit[C]signal[D]record

2.[A]nothing<B>little[C]another[D]much

3.[A]beaten<B>guided[C]plugged[D]brought

4.[A]message<B>code[C]notice[D]sign

5.[A]under<B>beyond[C]behind[D]from

6.[A]misapplied<B>mismatched[C]misadjusted[D]misinterpreted

7.[A]replaced<B>fired[C]judged[D]delayed

8.[A]unreasonable<B>ungrateful[C]unconventional[D]unfamiliar

9.[A]comfortable<B>confident[C]anxious[D]angry

10.[A]attend<B>point[C]take[D]turn

11.[A]dangerous<B>mysterious[C]violent[D]boring

12.[A]hurt<B>resist[C]bend[D]decay

13.[A]lecture<B>conversation[C]debate[D]negotiation

14.[A]passengers<B>employees[C]researchers[D]trainees

15.[A]reveal<B>choose[C]predict?[D]design

16.[A]voyage<B>ride[C]walk[D]flight

17.[A]went through<B>did away[C]caught up[D]put up

18.[A]in turn<B>in fact[C]in particular[D]in consequence

19.[A]unless<B>since[C]if[D]whereas

20.[A]funny<B>logical[C]simple[D]rare

正确选项:1-5 CDCAC 6-10 DCDCD 11-15 AABAC 16-20 BABBC

真题解析:

1.C[A]ticket票<B>permit允许,许可[C]signal信号,标志[D]record记录,记载

解析:名词辨析。根据上句话含义,“我们周围的每个人似乎都打开他们的手机,甚至没有__出现的时候“。与手机相关的最合适的选项应为C信号的意思。因此C为正确选项。

2.D[A]nothing没有什么<B>little一点[C]another另外一个[D]much许多

解析:名词辨析。在这句话中because there's ____to be gained,缺少的是gained的宾语。所以我们much代替这个宾语。因此D为正确选项。

3.C[A]beaten被击败的,打败的<B>guided有指导的[C]plugged塞紧的[D]brought带来,拿来

解析:动宾搭配。C选项plugged与into搭配,译为“塞进”,符合原文语境。因此C为正确选项。

4.A[A]message消息,信息<B>code密码,法则[C]notice注意[D]sign符号,签名

解析:动宾搭配。send the messages译为“传递消息”符合原文语义。因此A为正确选项。

5.C[A]under在……下面<B>beyond超出[C]behind在……后面[D]from来自

解析:动词与介词搭配。本题中,空格处所需一个介词,和前面的hide搭配。因此,hide behind翻译成“隐藏在__的后面”,搭配最为合理。因此C为正确选项。

6.D[A]misapplied被误用的<B>mismatched不相配的,不势均力敌的[C]misadjusted失调的[D]misinterpreted误解

解析:上下文语义+词义辨析在本题中,空格处需要填一个动词的被动语态,同时要搭配后面的“as creepy”(被___当做怪异的)。因此,结合四个单词的含义,D选项“被误解成为行为怪异的”更符合原文语义要求。因此D为正确选项。

7.C[A]replaced被替换的<B>fired被开除的[C]judged裁定的,评判的[D]delayed延时的,拖延的

解析:上下文语义+词义辨析本句中,考查我们“fear”的事情是被____.结合上下文语义以及选项含义,我们可以直接排除掉B和D,这两项与“坐地铁”无关。符合原文含义的是D,我们害怕被“评判”。因此C为正确选项。

8.D[A]unreasonable不合理的,不切合实际的<B>ungrateful忘恩负义的,不领情的[C]unconventional非传统的,不合惯例的[D]unfamiliar不熟悉的

解析:上下文语义+形容词辨析本题考查形容词的辨析。四个选项本身没有难度。做形容词这一类题要注意它修饰的成分是什么。本句是一个较简单的主系表结构,主语是“strangers”,空格处让我们填表语,修饰的是strangers,因此,根据语义,应该选择D选项“不熟悉的”,译为“陌生人本身对我们来说就是不太熟悉的”。因此D为正确选项。

9.C[A]comfortable舒适的,充裕的<B>confident自信的,有信心的[C]anxious忧虑的,[D]angry生气的,愤怒的

解析:上下文语义+形容词辨析本题结合前半句的含义,“陌生人本身对我们来说就是不太熟悉的”,因此,人们在和陌生人交流的时候会更___。我们要选择一个形容词来修饰与陌生人交流时候的心情,结合四个单词含义,C“忧虑的”更符合这种交流心境。因此C为正确选项。

10.D[A]attend出席,参加<B>point指出,朝向,瞄准[C]take拿,带[D]turn翻转,旋转,转移

解析:动词搭配。上句语义为“为了避免这种尴尬,我们___我们的手机”。在本句中,需要一个动词,并且能“to”搭配。A与B比较好排除,关键看C和D这两个选项.C选项“take to”译为“开始,从事”。D选项“turn to”译为“转向”。D比C更能说明我们的这个动作。因此D为正确选项。

11.A[A]dangerous危险的<B>mysterious神秘的[C]violent猛烈的,强烈的,暴力的[D]boring令人厌烦的,无聊的

解析:形容词辨析。结合上文语句,“电话已经变成了我们的安全保证”,“它是我们快乐的保障并且能够保护我们,不让我们受到更___的情况。”根据上下文语义以及四个形容词含义,A选项更符合语义要求。“危险的”和前面的“保护”搭配更为合理。因此A为正确选项。

12.A[A]hurt损害,伤害<B>resist抵制,抵抗[C]bend弯曲[D]decay(使)衰退,腐败

解析:动词辨析。这段句首有一个非常重要的连接词“But”,表示转折关系,说明接下来所要表述的含义与上文发生了完全的改变。根据对上一段的分析,是说人们在乘坐地铁的时候,经常看手机是因为害怕和陌生人交流,那么这一段的论述方向为“但是如果我们收起手机,向上看看,其实不会__的重。”结合四个选项含义,A选项“伤害”更符合语义。因此A为正确选项。

13.B[A]lecture演讲,讲课<B>conversation谈话,会话[C]debate辩论,争论[D]negotiation谈判,协商

解析:名词辨析。本题相对较简单,动词和名词的搭配,“开始一个(场)__”,结合原文语义,应该为开始谈话。因此B为正确选项。

14.A[A]passengers旅客<B>employees雇员[C]researchers研发人员[D]trainees研修生

解析:名词辨析。结合全文主旨,本文在讨论乘坐地铁是否和陌生人说话的问题。因此,A“乘客”是最符合语境的。因此A为正确选项。

15.C[A]reveal显示,透漏<B>choose选择[C]predict预测[D]design设计,计划

解析:动词辨析。本题考查四个选项的词义辨析。结合原文语境,我们不难发现,有一个非常重要的线索点,即“how they would feel after talking to a stranger”我们要选择一个动词能连接后面的“would”将来时,所以,只有C选项有这个功能。因此C为正确选项。

16.B[A]voyage航行,旅行<B>ride骑,乘[C]walk步行[D]flight飞行

解析:名词辨析。在本句中,“____ would be more pleasant if they sat on their own,”要选择一个动词与乘坐地铁有关。因此,B选项“ride乘”比较符合原文语义。

17.A[A]went through经历,检查,浏览<B>did away(with)废除,去掉[C]caught up赶上,追上[D]put up放,存储,提供

解析:介词短语搭配。本题所需短语要与后面的experience搭配,因此A选项“经历”更符合语义要求。

18.B[A]in turn依次,轮流,反过来<B>in fact事实上[C]in particular尤其是[D]in consequence结果是

解析:逻辑关系题。本题考查的是递进关系,即下文对上文进一步解释说明。因此B为正确选项。

19.B[A]unless除非<B>since直到,因为[C]if如果[D]whereas然而

解析:逻辑关系题。本句考查的是因果关系,因此只有B选项可以表示这种逻辑关系。

20.C[A]funny有趣的<B>logical有逻辑的[C]simple简单的[D]rare罕见的

解析:形容词辨析题。文章最后给出一个总结性的表述,即与陌生人说话可以让你感觉有连接感,考查我们“这是什么样的问题”。根据上下文语义关系选择C更符合语境。

SectionⅡReading Comprehension

Part A

Directions:Read the following four texts.Answer the questions after each text by choosing A,B,C or D.Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.(40 points)

Text1

A new study suggests that contrary to most surveys.People art actually more stressed at home than at work.Researchers measured people’s control.Which is it at stress marker.While they were at work and while they were at home and found it higher at what is supposed to be a place of refuge。

“Further contradicting conventional wisdom we found that women as well as men have lower levels of stress at work than at home”writes one of the researchers.Sarah Damaske In fact women say they feel better at work.She notes.“it is men not women.Who report being happier at home than at work”Another surprise is that the findings hold true for both those with children and without but more so for non parents.This is why people who work outside the home have better health。

What the study doesn’t measure is whether people are still doing work when they’re at home whether it is household work or work brought home from the office.For many men the end of the workday is a time to kick back.For women who stay home they never get to leave the office.And for women who work outside the home they often are playing catch-up-with-household tasks.With the blurring of roles and the fact that the home front lags well behind the workplace in making adjustments for working women it’s not surprising that women are more stressed at home。

But it’s not just a gender thing.At work people pretty much know what they’re supposed to be doing:working making money doing the tasks they have to do in order to draw an income.The bargain is very pure:Employee puts in hours of physical or mental labor and employee draws out life-sustaining moola。

On the home front however people have no such clarity.Rare is the household in which the division of labor is so clinically and methodically laid out.There are a lot of tasks to be done there are inadequate rewards for most of them.Your home colleagues-your family-have no clear rewards for their labor;they need to be talked into it or if they’re teenagers threatened with complete removal of all electronic devices.Plus they’re your family.You cannot fire your family.You never really get to go home from home。

So it’s not surprising that people are more stressed at home.Not only are the tasks apparently infinite the co-workers are much harder to motivate。

21.According to Paragraph 1,most previous surveys found that home___________

[A]was an un realistic place for relaxation

<B>generated more stress than the workplace

[C]was an ideal plac efor stress measurement

[D]offered greater relaxation than the workplace

22.According to Damaske,who are likely to be the happiest at home?

[A]Working mothers

<B>Childless husbands

[C]Childless wives

[D]Working fathers

23 The blurring of working women's roles refers to the fact that___________

[A]they are both breadwinners and housewives

<B>their home is also a place for kicking back

[C]there is often much housework left behind

[D]it is difficult for them to leave their office

24.The word“moola”(Line4,Para 4)most probably means___________

[A]energy

<B>skills

[C]earnings

[D]nutrition

25.The home front differs from the workplace in that_____________

[A]home is hardly a cozier working environment

<B>division of labor at home is seldom clear-cut

[C]household tasks are generally more motivating

[D]family labor is often adequately rewarded

答案:

Text 1

21答案D offered greater relaxation than the workplace

解析:细节题。精读题干,划出关键词Paragraph 1,previous surveys,home。根据题干回到原文精确定位到第1句。首句提出“最新研究表明,与大部分研究相反,人们在家比在公司的压力更大”。说明之前的研究与新研究不同,题干问previous surveys,因此之前的研究是公司比家里的压力大。

22答案B childless husbands

解析:细节题。精读题干,划出关键词大写人物D,问家里谁最幸福。根据题干回文定位到第二段后半部分“It is men…report being happier”,因此男性更幸福。接下来,“but more so for nonparents”。因此答案为没有孩子的丈夫。

23答案A they are both bread winners and housewives

解析:细节题。题干提出“the blurring of working women’s roles”,根据题干定位到第三段后半部分“the blurring of roles”,指代前面两句话“For women who stay home……..And for women who work outside the home”。根据原文定位句信息,得出女性既要忙工作又要忙家务。

24.答案C earnings这是一道词义句意题,定位在第四段第二句,At work,people pretty much know what they’re supposed to be doing:working,making money,doing the tasks they have to do in order to draw an income.在工作中,人们清楚地知道他们该做什么,工作,赚钱,为了得到收入完成他们必须要做的工作。这与划线单词相对应,employee draws out life-sustaining moola和draw an income相对应,所以moola是earnings同义。

25.答案B division of labor at home is seldom-clear-cut这是一道因果细节题,答案定位在第五段首句,On the home front,however,people have no such clarity.然而,对于家庭,人们并不是很清楚。no such clarity与seldom-clear-cut相对应。

Text 2

For years studies have found that first-generation college students-those who do not have a parent with a college degree-lag other students on a range of education achievement factors.Their grades are lower and their dropout rates are higher.But since such students are most likely to advance economically if they succeed in higher education colleges and universities have pushed for decades to recruit more of them.This has created“a paradox”in that recruiting first-generation students but then watching many of them fail means that higher education has“continued to reproduce and widen rather than close”achievement gap based on social class according to the depressing beginning of a paper forthcoming in the journal Psychological Science。

But the article is actually quite optimistic as it outlines a potential solution to this problem suggesting that an approach(which involves a one-hour next-to-no-cost program)can close 63 percent of the achievement gap(measured by such factors as grades)between first-generation and other students。

The authors of the paper are from different universities and their findings are based on a study involving 147 students(who completed the project)at an unnamed private university.First generation was defined as not having a parent with a four-year college degree Most of the first-generation students(59.1percent)were recipients of Pell Grants,a federal grant for undergraduates with financial need,while this was true only for 8.6 percent of the students with at least one parent with a four-year degree

Their thesis-that a relatively modest intervention could have a big impact-was based on the view that first-gene ration students may be most lacking not in potential but in practical knowledge about how to deal with the issues that face most college students They cite past research by several authors to show that this is the gap that must be narrowed to close the achievement gap。

Many first-generation students’struggle to navigate the middle-class culture of higher education,learn the rules of the game,and take advantage of college resources”they write And this becomes more of a problem when collages don’t talk about the class advantage and disadvantages of different groups of students Because US colleges and universities seldom acknowledge how social class can affect students’educational experience,many first-gene ration students lack sight about why they are struggling and do not understand how students’like them can improve

26.Recruiting more first-generation students has

[A]reduced their dropout rates

<B>narrowed the achievement gap

[C]missed its original purpose

[D]depressed college students

27 The author of the research article are optimistic because

[A]the problem is solvable

<B>their approach is costless

[q the recruiting rate has increased

[D]their finding appeal to students

28 The study suggests that most first-gene ration students

[A]study at private universities

<B>are from single-parent families

[q are in need of financial support

[D]have failed their collage

29.The author of the paper believe that first-generation students

[A]are actually indifferent to the achievement gap

<B>can have a potential influence on other students

[C]may lack opportunities to apply for research projects

[D]are inexperienced in handling their issues at college

30.We may infer from the last paragraph that――

[A]universities often r~ect the culture of the middle-class

<B>students are usually to blame for their lack of resources

[C]social class greatly helps en rich educational experiences

[D]colleges are partly responsible for the problem in question

T2:

26.答案C missed its original purpose细节题定位在首段末句,This has created“a paradox”in that recruiting first-generation students but then watching many of them fail means that higher education has“continued to reproduce and widen rather than close”achievement gap.文中说雇佣第一代大学生然后看着他们失败,这是一种自相矛盾的事,这意味着更进一步的教育不断扩大了而不是缩小了这种差距。C选项是此句话的概括,也就是招聘第一代大学没能达到其最初的目的。

27.答案A the problem is solvable因果细节题定位在二段首句,But the article is actually quite optimistic as it outlines a potential solution to this problem...文章相当乐观因为它给出了可能解决这一问题的办法,as后就是文章乐观的原因,it outlines a potential solution to this problem与A选项同意替换。

28.答案C are in need of financial support细节题定位在三段第三句Most of the first-generation students(59.1percent)were recipients of Pell Grant,a federal grant for undergraduates with financial need...with financial need..与选项C同意替换

29.答案D are inexperienced in handling their issues at college细节题定位在四段首句后半句....first-generation students may be most lacking not in potential but in practical knowledge about how to deal with the issues that face most college students.第一代大学生缺少的不是潜力,而是在处理大多数大学生面对的问题时的实际的常识。but in practical knowledge about how to deal with the issues that face most college students与选项D同意替换

30.答案D colleges are partly responsible for the problem in question段落推断题定位在末段第三句Because US colleges and universities seldom acknowledge how social class can affect students’educational experience....因为美国一些学院和大学很少承认社会阶级对学生教育经历的影响,所以。。。这就意味着学校应该为目前的问题负部分责任,与选项D相对应。

Text3

Even in traditional offices,“the lingua franca of corporate America has gotten much more emotional and much more right-brained than it was 20 years ago,"said Harvard Business School professor Nancy Koehn She started spinning off examples。“If you and I parachuted back to Fortune 500 companies in 1990,we would see much less frequent use of terms like Journey mission passion.There were goals,there were strategies,there were objectives,but we didn’t talk about energy;we didn’t talk about passion。”

Koehn pointed out that this new era of corporate vocabulary is very“team”-oriented-and not by coincidence。“Let’s not forget sDorts-in male-dominated corporate America,it’s still a big deal.It’s not explicitly conscious;it’s the idea that I’m a coach,and you’re my team,and we’re in this together.There are lots and lots of CEOs in very different companies,but most think of themselves as coaches and this is their team and they want to win"。

These terms a re also intended to infuse work with meaning-and,as Khurana points out,increase allegiance to the firm。“You have the importation of terminology that historically used to be associated with non-profit organizations and religious organizations:Terms like vision,values,passion,and purpose,”said Khurana

This new focus on personal fulfillment can help keep employees motivated amid increasingly loud debates over work-life balance The“mommy wars”of the 1990s a re still going on today prompting arguments about why women still can't have it all and books like Sheryl Sandberg's Lean In,whose title has become a buzzword in its own right.Terms like unplug,offline,life-hack,bandwidth,and capacity are all about setting boundaries between the office and the home But if your work is your“passion”you’ll be more likely to devote yourself to it,even if that means going home for dinner and then working long after the kids are in bed

But this seems to be the irony of office speak:Everyone makes fun of it,but manage rs love it,companies depend on it,and regular people willingly absorb it As Nunberg said,“You can get people to think it’s nonsense at the same time that you buy into it。”In a workplace that’s fundamentally indifferent to your life and its meaning office speak can help you figure out how you relate to your work-and how your work defines who you are

31.According to NancyKoehn office language has become________

[A]more e motional

<B>more objective

[C]less energetic

[D]less energetic

[E]less strategic

32.“team”-oriented corporate vocabulary is closely related to________

[A]historical incidents

<B>gender difference

[C]sports culture

[D]athletic executives

33.Khurana believes that the importation of terminology aims to________

[A]revive historical terms

<B>promote company image

[C]foster corporate cooperation

[D]strengthen employee loyalty

34.It can be inferred that Lean In_________

[A]voices for working women

<B>appeals to passionate workaholics

[C]triggers debates among mommies

[D]praises motivated employees

35.Which of the following statements is true about office speak?

[A]Managers admire it but avoid it

<B>Linguists believe it to be nonsense

[C]Companies find it to be fundamental

[D]Regular people mock it but accept it

T3

31答案A more emotional

解析:细节题。根据题干关键词NancyKoehn及office language定位,找到第一段的Nancy Koehn引号里的那句话the lingua franca…gotten much more emotional and much more bright-brained.选项A中的more emotional即完全符合原文。

32答案C sports culture

解析:细节题。题干中出现team-oriented corporate vocabulary,根据该信息回到第二段定位,提到it’s the idea that‘m a coach...team…but most…coaches…team.,都是与运动有关的信息,与选项进行匹配,恰当是运动文化。

33答案D strengthen employee loyalty

解析:细节题。题干出现大写任命Khurana,并出现普通名词importation of terminology定位到第三段Khurana说的那句话…non-profit…and religious…vision,values,passion,…purpose,及下文第四段首句提到personal fulfillment…keep employees motived….,这些均是职员的道德有关,因此对应答案D加强员工的忠诚感。

34答案A voices for working women

解析:推理题。根据题干中的Lean In大写字母,定位到第四段第二句,arguments about why women still can’t have it all and books…Lean In,因此Lean In肯定是与女性有关的书籍且与工作有关,对应答案A工作女性的呼唤,是对原文的同义替换。

35答案C companies find it to be fundamental

解析:细节判断题。根据题干office speak及段落定位原则,定位到最后一段第一句,发现首句出现句间转折But,及句内转折but,因此后一个but更重要,提到but managers love it,companies depend on it。对应选项即为C公司觉得它是基础性的,很重要。此外,该段最后一句话又提到了此点很重要。

Text4

Many people talked of the 288000new jobs the Labor Department reported for Jure along with the drop in the unemployment take to 6 J percent.at good news.And they were right.For now it appears the economy is creating jobs at a decent pace.We still have a long way to go to get back to full employment but at least we are now finally moving forward at a faster pace。

However there is another important part of the jobs picture that was largely overlooked.There was a big jump in the number of people who report voluntarily working part-time.This figure is now 830000(44 percent)above its year ago level。

Before explaining the connection to the Obamacare it is worth making an important distinction.Many people who work part-time jobs actually want full-time jobs.They take part-time work because this is all they can get.An increase in involuntary part-time work is evidence of weakness in the labor market and it means that many people will behaving a very hard time making ends meet。

There was an increase in involuntary part-time in June but the general direction has been down.Involuntary part-time employment is still far higher than before the recession but it is down by 640000(7.9 percent)from its year ago level。

We know the difference between voluntary and involuntary part-time employment because people tell us.The survey used by the Labor Department asks people if they worked less than 35hours in the reference week.If the answer is“yes。”they are classified as working part-time.The survey then asks whether they worked less than 35 hours in that week because they wanted to work less than full time or because they had no choice.They are only classified as voluntary part-time workers if they tell the survey taker they chose to work less than 35 hours a week。

The issue of voluntary part-time relates to Obamacare because one of the main purposes was to allow people to get insurance outside of employment.For many people especially those with serious health conditions or family members with serious health conditions before Obamacare the only way to get insurance was through a job that provided health insurance。

However Obamacare has allowed more than 12 million people to either get insurance through Medicaid or the exchanges.These are people who may previously have felt the need to get a full-time job that provided insurance in order to cover themselves and their families.With Obamacare there is no longer a link between employment and insurance。

36.Which part of the jobs picture was neglected?

A.The prospect of a thriving job market。

B.The increase of voluntary part-time jobs。

C.The possibility of full employment。

D.The acceleration of job creation。

37.Many people work part-time because they

A.prefer part-time jobs to full-time jobs

B.feel that is enough to make ends meet

C.cannot get their hands on full-time jobs

D.haven't seen the weakness of the market

38.Involuntary part-time employment in the US

A.is harder to acquire than one year ago

B.shows a general tendency of decline

C.satisfies the real need of the jobless

D.is lower than before the recession

39.It can be learned that with Obamacare。

A.it is no longer easy for part-timers to get insurance

B.employment is no longer a precondition to get insurance

C.it is still challenging to get insurance for family members

D.full-time employment is still essential for insurance

40.The text mainly discusses。

A.employment in the US

B.part-timer classification

C.insurance through Medicaid

D.Obamacare’s trouble

T4

36 B The increase of voluntary part-time jobs.细节题定位到第二段第一句和第二句However,there is another important part of the jobs picture that was largely overlooked.第二句there was a big jump in the number of people who report voluntarily working part time.选项B是文章内容的同义替换。

37 C cannot get their hands on full-time jobs.细节题定位到第三段的第三句话they take part-time work because this is all they can get.可见C选项是文章内容的同义替换。

38.B:shows a general tendency of decline细节题根据题干关键词involuntary part-time employment in the US定位到原文第四段,转折词但是总的方向是在下降。同意替换答案B,总的趋势是在下降。

39.B employment is no longer a precondition to get insurance推断题根据题干关键词obamacare,定位到原文第6段第一句,自愿做兼职工作的问题与奥巴马的医疗政策有关,因为一个主要原因是允许人们在就业之外得到保险,同意替换答案就业不再是得到保险的一个前提。

40 B part-timer classification主旨题本文主要讲美国人现在选择兼职工作人群分类,并分析其原因。首先,因为全职工作不好找,就业率总体还是在下降;另外,美国人是被迫选择兼职工作;最后,与奥巴马的的医疗政策有关,就业不再是得到保险的一个前提。

Part B

Directions:Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each numbered paragraph(41-45).There are two extra subheadings which you do not need to use.Make your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points)

[A]You are not alone

<B>Experience helps you grow

[C]Pave your own unique path

[D]Most of your fears are unreal

[E]Think about the present moment

[F]Don’t fear responsibility for your life

[G]There are many things to be grateful for

Some Old Truths to Help You Overcome Tough Times

Unfortunately,life is not a bed of roses.We are going through life facing sad experiences.Moreover,we are grieving various kinds of loss:a friendship,romantic relationship or a house.Hard times may hold you down at what usually seems like the most inopportune time,but you should remember that they won’t last forever.

When our time of mourning is over,we press forward,stronger with a greater understanding and respect for life.Furthermore,these losses make us mature and eventually move us toward future opportunities for growth and happiness.I want to share these old truths I’ve learned along the way.

41._______________________________

Fear is both useful and harmful.This normal human reaction is used to protect us by signaling danger and preparing us to deal with it.Unfortunately,people create inner barriers with a help of exaggerating fears.My favorite actor Will Smith once said,“Fear is not real.It is a product of thoughts you create.Do not misunderstand me.Danger is very real.But fear is a choice.”I do completely agree that fears are just the product of our luxuriant imagination.

42.________________________________

If you are surrounded by problems and cannot stop thinking about the past,try to focus on the present moment.Many of us are weighed down by the past or anxious about the future.You may feel guilt over your past,but you are poisoning the present with the things and circumstances you cannot change.Value the present moment and remember how fortunate you are to be alive.Enjoy the beauty of the world around and keep the eyes open to see the possibilities before you.Happiness is not a point of future and not a moment from the past,but a mindset that can be designed into the present.

43.________________________________

Sometimes it is easy to feel bad because you are going through tough times.You can be easily caught up by life problems that you forget to pause and appreciate the things you have.Only strong people prefer to smile and value their life instead of crying and complaining about something.

44._______________________________

No matter how isolated you might feel and how serious the situation is,you should always remember that you are not alone.Try to keep in mind that almost everyone respects and wants to help you if you are trying to make a good change in your life,especially your dearest and nearest people.You may have a circle of friends who provide constant good humor,help and companionship.If you have no friends or relatives,try to participate in several online communities,full of people who are always willing to share advice and encouragement.

45._______________________________

Today many people find it difficult to trust their own opinion and seek balance by gaining ivity from external sources.This way you devalue your opinion and show that you are incapable of managing your own life.When you are struggling to achieve something important you should believe in yourself and be sure that your decision is the best.You live in your skin,think your own thoughts,have your own values and make your own choices.

答案:41.D 42.E 43.G 44.A 45.C

Part C Translation

Directions:

Translate the following text from English into Chinese.Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2.(15 points)

Think about driving a route that’s very familiar.It could be your commute to work,a trip into town or the way home.Whichever it is,you know every twist and turn like the back of your hand.On these sorts of trips it’s easy to lose concentration on the driving and pay little attention to the passing scenery.The consequence is that you perceive that the trip has taken less time than it actually has.

This is the well-travelled road effect:people tend to underestimate the time it takes to travel a familiar route.

The effect is caused by the way we allocate our attention.When we travel down a well-known route,because we don’t have to concentrate much,time seems to flow more quickly.And afterwards,when we come to think back on it,we can’t remember the journey well because we didn’t pay much attention to it.So we assume it was proportionately shorter.

设想一下,你正开车行驶在一条非常熟悉的路线上。可能是你每天上下班、去城里、或是回家的路。不管是哪一条路,你对每一个拐每一个弯都了如指掌,非常熟悉。在这样的路途中,我们容易在开车的时候心不在焉,对途中的景色也几乎是全然不顾。如此一来,你会觉得路上所花的时间比实际要少。

这就是“熟悉路线效应”:人们往往会低估行驶在熟悉的路上所花费的时间。

这一效应由我们分配精力的方式引起。当行驶在熟悉的路上时,由于我们不用太过集中精力,时间似乎飞逝而过。随后,我们回想行车过程时,由于我们没有过多关注,所以对行车的印象也很模糊。因此我们会认为花费的时间会更短些。

Section III Writing

Part A

47.Directions:

Suppose your university is going to host a summer camp for high school students.Write a notice to

1)briefly introduce the camp activities,and

2)call for volunteers.

Your should write about 100 words on the ANSWER SHEET.

Do not use your name or the name of your university.

Do not write your address.(10 points)

Notice

June 20,2014

To enrich extracurricular activities,our school intends to hold a summer camp for students from high school on July 6,2015.The event will include English learning and basketball games.

Thus,volunteers for this camp are badly needed to assist us in organizing the relevant affairs,including reception,distribution of documents,etc.Candidates must have adequate patience with the adolescents.Besides,the volunteers ought to have outstanding skills at English.Students who have previous experience as volunteers are preferred.

Those who are interested in taking part in it may sign up with the monitor of their classes before June 30,2014.

Peking University

解析:

小作文即A节作文的评分侧重点在于信息点的覆盖、内容的组织、语言的准确性、格式和语域的恰当。对语法结构和词汇多样性的要求将根据具体试题作调整。允许在作文中使用提示语中出现过的个别关键词或词组,但使用提示语中出现过的句子将被扣分。

要点一定要覆盖全!本文有两个要点:一是简要介绍夏令营活动内容;二是招募志愿者。

所以本篇文章必须包括以上两点!关于活动内容,大家可以写组织学习和体育比赛之类。关于招募志愿者,大家可以写志愿者要符合什么条件!

当然,这篇文章还是有不少陷阱的,比如日期的选择,学校的选择!不过跨考的谷老师认为:格式的问题重点一定是有没有的问题!

今年英语二的作文出题可谓是另辟蹊径!大作文如此,小作文亦是一样!从2010年设立英语二的试卷以来,连续五年的小作文都考到的是书信!而今年考查的是通知这种告示类文体!相信不仅是众多的考研&lt;http://www.kuakao.com/&gt;同学们,就是不少老师都是始料未及的!

翻到《全国硕士研究生招生考试英语(二)考试大纲(非英语专业)》第2页,在考查目标里的写作部分,有以下的表述:

考生应能写不同类型的应用文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、报告等,还应能写一般描述性、叙述性和说明或议论性的文章。

再翻到第5页,在考试形式、考试内容与试卷结构的写作部分,有以下的表述:

该部分由A、B两部分组成,主要考查考生的书面表达能力。共25分。

A节:考生根据所给情景写出一篇约100词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、报告等。共10分。

B节:要求考生根据所规定的情景或给出的提纲,写出一篇150词左右的英语说明文或议论文。提供情景的形式为图画、图表或文字。共15分。

从对于小作文的要求来看,大纲上并未有对通知考查的出现。针对这一点,我们有理由替同学们感到愤怒!不过,英语一和英语二是紧密联系在一起的,相信同学们在准备英语二的时候肯定也做了英语一的真题,在写作这一部分,英语一在2010年就考了通知!

我在网上也找到了2010年的大纲中,在评价目标中:考生应能写不同类型的应用文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、摘要、报告等,以及一般描述性、叙述性、说明性或议论性的文章;在考试形式、考试内容与试卷结构中:考生根据所给情景写出一篇约100词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、摘要、报告等。

从中也可以看出并没有对通知的要求,不过,从常识来看,通知应该是最基本和最常见的一种告示,是一种重要的应用文。

48.Directions:

Write an essay based on the following chart.you should

1)interpret the chart and

2)give your comments.

You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.(15 points).


  我国某市居民春节假期花销比例

作文解析:

今年英语二作文的题目比较好写,因为标题和图示非常清晰明白。图标显示了我国某市居民春节假期花销比例,考生分析原因的话也会很简单。下面分三段简要地说一下这三段应该怎么写。

第一段主要是描述图表。图表一目了然,数量词百分比也是大家熟悉的词汇,主要是春节的翻译,可能有些同学不会写,为Spring Festival。表述数据时,图中有四组数据,由于字数的限制以及为了写作的便利可以突出最大比例的“新年礼物”,其他两个“交通”和“聚会吃饭”可以选择其一来描述,注意百分比的表达方式。

第二段给出你的评论,主要写这种情况的原因。主要要结合图表描述的内容从两个方面写起。一方面为什么买新年礼物花费的钱最多,另一方面为什么交通或者聚会会占到20%比例。

最后结尾段落可简要得出结论,这种现象并不奇怪,还将继续下去。

参考例文:

As is clearly reflected in the above pie chart,the proportion of money spent on various affairs demonstrates obvious differences during the Spring Festival in one city of China.According to the data given,the money spent on buying gifts for others takes a lion’s share,accounting for 40%.While transportation takes away 20%of the whole proportion.

What triggers this phenomenon?It is not difficult to put forward several factors responsible for this phenomenon.To start with,with the ever-growing eagerness to keep up with others,oceans of folks intended to offer thicker and thicker red envelope to kids as gift money,which leads to the high proportion of our expenditure.What’s more,due to the great urbanization,most Chinese residents move from their hometowns to work in big cities.In order to cover the long distance and enjoy the happy together with family members,a large amount of money is spent on transportation.

In view of the arguments above,we can conclude that the current phenomenon is of no surprise.And therefore,it can be predicted that buying gifts and transportation will still take up a large share in our expenditure during the Spring Festival.

   
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